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Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Background History

The Forensic medicine and toxicology department has been in existence since the very inception of this college. The subject initially in the name of ‘MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE’ was initiated at this college for training students of II MBBS.
Initially, not much stress was laid on this subject. As time progressed, the subject gradually expanded its horizon and activities within the department increased to encompass medicolegal autopsy work and clinical forensic medicine, among others. The department has, uptill date, been graced by the who’s who of this fraternity as its faculty including Dr. A.K.Turner, Dr. J.P.Modi (Father of Forensic Medicine), Dr. C.K.Parikh and Dr. C.A. Franklin.
In August 1970 Dr. Tembe (Pathologist) was appointed full time lecturer and promoted in 1975 as an Associate Professor and Head of the Dept. After his retirement in 1986, Dr. C.A.Franklin, retired Head of the Dept. of Forensic Medicine at Grant Medical College & Police Surgeon of Mumbai chaired the department on a contract basis. Special mention must be made of Professor Tembe for his determination and hard work to be promoted from his first employment as a laboratory attendant in this institute to the post of Assoc. Prof, Head of Dept of Forensic Medicine and the first Vice Principal of Krishna Medical College, Karad.
This department made its humble beginning by occupying a part of the corridor on the 1st floor of the college that connects to the library building. Today, the department occupies a sizable part of the 3rd floor of the Library Building and also some part of the 2nd floor of the same building. The expansion of the department gathered pace under the guidance of Dr. (Mrs) PM Pai, Ex – Dean who saw to it that the department was allotted enough space even for a museum, demonstration halls and a well equipped laboratory.
On April 15th 1995, Dr. Rajeev Sahankarrao Chaudhari was selected & appointed by the MPSC as full time qualified [MD (Forensic Medicine& Toxicology) & DFM] Professor in the Forensic medicine & Toxicology Department. He took over as a Head of the Department with Dr Walter Vaz as Lecturer. Dr Vaz took assumed charge of the department as Professor and Head on May 2006 till his resignation on May 2012. Professor Dr Harish M. Pathak took over as Professor and Head in June, 2012 and has been in charge since then

Important Milestones:




MD FMT PG Course Started from 2013 with capacity of two students per year




Forensic Medicon XXXVIII Annual National Conference of IAFM


Continuation of “Forensic Odontology” work in our department.


The Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology , Seth GSMC & KEM Hospital, Mumbai had Organized a state level conference. of Medico-legal Association Of Maharashtra at Mumbai on 27th & 28th Octomber 2018 at Dr(prof.) Rustom Choksi Auditorium Complex, TMC, Mumbai.


“One Stop Crises Centre & Centre of Excellence for the Survivors of Sexual assault at K. E. M. Hospital Mumbai”


We have collaborative support of SNEHA for a one day workshop on 27th Oct. 2018 and conducted a day CME on 28th Oct. 2018 with collaborative support of ROTTO-SOTTO.


FOHIL: Pattern injury reporting in cases of Crime Against Women & Children. Identification of human remains from victim of crime, missing and unknown person, natural disaster by forensic odontology and Manual & Digital 2d & 3d forensic facial reconstruction


Orgnised 1st Biennial Symposium of Association Forensic Odontology for Human Rights "Rescue, Rights & Dignity of The Dead" on 23-24 Sep 2021.



Orgnised 18th Annual National Conference of Indian Association of Forensic Odontology on 25th-26th Sep 2021.


Inauguration of Special Cold Storage Facilities for Facilitating Cadaver Retrieval Training Workshops.
Inauguration of Cadaver Laboratory for Cadaver Retrieval workshop in
Collaboration with ROTTO-SOTTO Mumbai.
24X7 Postmortem services in non-sensitive cases on humanitarian basis.







Dr. Harish Manilal Pathak

Academic Dean
Professor & Head



Dr. Ravindra Baliram Deokar




Dr.Manoj Bhausaheb Parchake




Dr.Girish Vijay Tasgaonkar




Dr. Vikrant Waghmare

Assistant Professor



Dr. Siddharth Sawardekar

Assistant Professor




Dr. Rahul Patil

Senior Resident




Dr. Vaidehi Velhal





Dr. Mahesh Khalate

Resident II



Dr. Amrita Vijayan

Resident II



Dr. Vivek Mohan




Dr. Abhiram Janagama

Resident I



Non Teaching Staff



Contact No.


Email ID

Mrs. SmitaKorgaonkar

Lab Technician


Mr. D. M. Sawle

Lab Technician


Smt. Ashwini Amit  Khodke



Mr. Shaikh Moh. Irfan

Record Assistant


Mr. Vaibhav Waman Kanade

Lab Attendant


Mr. Sandeep Sonawane




Mr. Sandeep Parcha




Mr. Ajay Waghela




Future outlook:

One Stop Centre of Excellence for comprehensive care of survivors of sexual assault

  • Training modules for clinical and nonclinical staff for providing comprehensive care and efficient collection of evidence
  • Exploring newer techniques of evidence related to such crimes such as Forensic Odontology, Forensic Psychiatry, Forensic Nursing.
  • Modules for police staff, para-nursing staff in sensitivity training and dealing with victims of assault and domestic violence
  • Special training modules for crimes involving children

1. Virtual Autopsy

  • Implementation of sophisticated and comprehensive ways of presenting data from scene of crime and enable post mortem examination using CT raw data in precise, accurate and effective manner.
  • Research development of non-invasive techniques of post mortem for enhancing dignity in death as a tool for humanitarian forensics.
  • Virtual autopsy will be conducted by post mortem multi-slice computed tomography (PMCT) 128 slices.
  • Digital autopsy will enable indefinite storage of raw data which can be reanalyzed by external experts if needed during investigation, decreasing chances of bias, comparatively less time consuming
  • Training for doctors, and requirements for technicians will be fulfilled as per work load.

2.Forensic Toxicology Laboratory:

  • Bedside testing in cases of poisoning
  • Detection of Date Rape Drugs in cases of sexual assaults
  • Alcohol detection
  • Research proposals in the field of post mortem forensic toxicology

3. Histopathology Laboratory:

  • Exploration of newer techniques in forensic histopathology
  • Collaborative research with department of pathology and reputed international pathology centers
  • Requirement for technician will be put up in future as per work load

4. Forensic psychiatry division:

  • Forensic psychiatry division having lie detection, brain mapping and narcoanalysis of suspect will be conducted.

A. Undergraduate teaching :

  • II MBBS Students – About 250 students per batch
  • III MBBS PART (I) Students – 250 students per batch
  • Lectures: II MBBS one lecture & practical per week.
  • III MBBS two lectures & two practical per week.
  • Autopsy Demonstration to MBBS students, BAMS students.
  • Court procedures: for interested students along with teachers.
  • VI Medicolegal Guidance: to medical practitioners, lawyers and public as and when needed.

B. Post graduate teaching

M.D.forensic medicine:
The post graduate teaching and training programme for students from J.J and Nair hospitals, consists of Autopsy techniques, recent advances in Forensic medicine and toxicology, medicolegal case discussions and journal clubs.

C. Others:

I. The department has collaborations with Sports Authority of India (SAI) and various other regional and state level sporting bodies to establish age of sporting personnel.
II. The department collaborates with corporate houses like Reliance India Ltd (RIL) etc to establish age of their employees.
III. The department collaborates with several NGOs to examine sexual crimes taking place in orphanages, dormitories etc.

Research Projects:

  • Retrospective Study on Gender Based Violence- Deaths Due to Gender Based Violence at a Tertiary Care Centre in Mumbai
  • Sexual Dimorphism from Mandibular Canine Index in Autopsy Bodies At Tertiary Care Centre Mumbai.
  • Spectrum of Non ischemic Cardio-Vascular Pathology In Sudeen Natural Death.
  • Retrospective Study on Deaths Due to Violence Against Women & Children At Tertiary Care Institution.
  • A Comparative Study of Post-mortem Computerized Tomography Medico Legal Postmortem Findings at a Tertiary Care Institution.


Facilities/services available in your department

  1. Post-Mortem services provided by 24X7 hours.
  2. Ante-Mortem services provided by 24X7 hours.
  3. One Stop Centre for sexual assault victim
  4. Forensic odontology & Human Identification.
  5. Age estimation for sports person & civil cases.
  1. About: Brief write-up on the department (less than 1,000 words). Hints for the same are:

Publications Year 2022-23:

  • Research Article Dr. Harish Pathak, Dr. Manoj Parchake

Giving Contents From an Unlabelled Plastic Bottle Containing Toxic Substance: A Case Report.
Arab Journal of Forensic Sciences & Forensic Medicine 2022; Volume 4 Issue(1), 59-64

  • Deokar RB, Dr.Patil SS.

Workplace-based Issues & Challenges in Formulating the Medical Boards.
Under the MTP Act 2021. J For Med Sci Law 2022;31(1): 1-2

Deokar RB, Patil SS  
Study of Feedback of Survivors of Sexual Offences Subjected for Medicolegal Examination in Tertiary Care Municipal Hospital.
J for Sci Law 2022;31(1): 16-23

Future & Scope of Forensic Neurosciences in Criminal.
Investigation System towards Justice. J For Med Sci Law 2022;33(1):77-82

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